Aluminum nitrate

  • Nitric acid, aluminum salt
Formula
Al(NO3)3
Structure
Description
A white, crystalline solid.
Uses
Tanning leather, antiperspirant, corrosion inhibitor, extraction of uranium, nitrating agent.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
13473-90-0
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
236-751-8
RTECS
BD1040000
RTECS class
Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
1438
Merck
12,365
Beilstein/Gmelin
12849 (G)
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-1075
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
AlN3O9
Formula mass
213.00
Melting point, °C
72.8
Density
1.401 g/cm3 (25 C)
Solubility in water
640 g/L
Viscosity
1.338 cp (22 C)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Do not store near combustible materials. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Keep away from flammable liquids.
Handling
Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Keep away from clothing and other combustible materials. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Avoid generating dusty conditions.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Can react dangerously with aluminum, boron phosphide, cyanides, esters, phospham, phosphorus, sodium cyanide, sodium hypophosphite, stannous chloride, and thiocyanates.
Decomposition
Nitrogen oxides, aluminum oxide, aluminum fumes.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Oxidizer. Greatly increases the burning rate of combustible materials. To extinguish fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam.
Fire potential
Moderate fire hazard, by spontaneous chemical reaction; practically all nitrates are powerful oxidizing agents.
Hazards
May explode from heat or contamination. May react explosively with hydrocarbons (fuels). May ignite combustibles.
Combustion products
Toxic oxides of nitrogen may form in fire.
Health
1
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 
 
Special
O

Health.
Poison_Class
4
Exposure effects
Throbbing headache is common. Seizures have been reported following severe intoxication. Behavioral deficits were observed in the adult offspring of rats who received sodium nitrite prenatally.
   Ingestion
Ingestion of large amounts may cause gastrointestinal irritation. May cause methemoglobinemia, cyanosis, convulsions, and death. Methemoglobinemia is characterized by dizziness, drowsiness, headache, breath shortness, cyanosis with bluish skin, rapid heart rate and chocolate-brown colored blood.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. May cause methemoglobinemia, cyanosis, convulsions, tachycardia, dyspnea, and death.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
1438
Response guide
Hazard class
5.1
Packing Group
III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
ALN
 
Std. Transport #
4918701