Aminoacetonitrile

  • 1-Cyanomethylamine
  • Cyanomethylamine
  • Glycinonitrile
Formula
H2NCH2CN
Structure

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
540-61-4
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
208-751-8
20/21/22 40
RTECS
AL7750000
RTECS class
Reproductive Effector
UN (DOT)
1993
Merck
12,432
Beilstein/Gmelin
773694
Beilstein Reference
4-04-00-02363
Austrailia AICS
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C2H4N2
Formula mass
56.07
Boiling point, °C
164
Vapor pressure, mmHg
2.0 (25 C)
Solubility in water
Very soluble
pKa/pKb
8.57 (pKb)
Heat of vaporization
40.1 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store at -20 C.
Protection
Wear appropriate government approved respirator, chemical-resistant gloves, safety goggles, other protective clothing.
Respirators
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Small spills/leaks
Absorb on sand or vermiculite and place in closed containers for disposal. Ventilate area and wash spill site after material pickup is complete.
Stability
Stable at normal temperatures and pressures.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
53
Fire fighting
Extinguish using Water spray. Carbon dioxide, dry chemical powder, or appropriate foam. Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and protective clothing to prevent contact with skin and eyes.
Fire potential
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.

Health.
Exposure effects
Harmful. Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed. Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect. Possible teratogen. Combustible.
   Inhalation
Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. May cause irritation or burns.
   Skin
May cause irritation or burns.
   Eyes
See Skin.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If swallowed, wash out mouth with water provided person is conscious. Call a physician.
   Inhalation
If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If breathing becomes difficult, call a physician.
   Skin
In case of skin contact, flush with copious amounts of water for at least 15 minutes. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Call a physician.
   Eyes
In case of contact with eyes, flush with copious amounts of water for at least 15 minutes. Assure adequate flushing by separating the eyelids with fingers. Call a physician.

Transport.
UN number
1993
Response guide
Packing Group
III