Amitrol

  • Aminotriazole
  • 1,2,4-Triazol-3-ylamine
  • 3-Amino-1H-1,2,4-triazole
Formula
C2H4N4
Structure
Description
Colorless to white, crystalline powder, odorless when pure.
Uses
Nonselective systemic herbicide. Noncropland for annual grasses, broadleaf weeds, perennial broadleaf weed, poison ivy, some aquatic weeds in marshes, drainage ditches.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
61-82-5
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
200-521-5
EC Index Number
613-011-00-6
EC Class
Carcinogenic Category 3; Harmful; Dangerous for the Environment
R 40 48/22 51/53
S 36 37 61
RTECS
XZ3850000
RTECS class
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Tumorigen; Drug; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector
UN (DOT)
2588
Merck
13,489
Beilstein/Gmelin
107687
Beilstein Reference
4-26-00-01073
RCRA
U011
EPA OPP
4401
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-1097
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C2H4N4
Formula mass
84.08
Melting point, °C
149 - 152
Boiling point, °C
347
Vapor pressure, mmHg
5E-5 (25 C)
Saturation Concentration
0.01 ppm at 20 C (calculated)
Density
1.138 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Very soluble
pKa/pKb
9.40 (pKb)
Partition coefficient, pKow
-0.65
Heat of vaporization
59.2 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion
-1436 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep container closed when not in use. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Store in glass containers. Store protected from light. Store at room temperature.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use only in a well ventilated area. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Do not breathe dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Keep container tightly closed. Do not ingest or inhale. Store protected from light.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Disposal code
5
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. Decomposes on exposure to light.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents, acid chlorides, aluminum, copper, copper alloys, iron, acid anhydrides, iron salts.
Decomposition
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, nitrogen.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
191
Autoignition, °C
225
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Water runoff can cause environmental damage. Dike and collect water used to fight fire. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. This material in sufficient quantity and reduced particle size is capable of creating a dust explosion. Extinguishing media: Use extinguishing media most appropriate for the surrounding fire. In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
Fire potential
Aq, nonflammable, as amitrol-t; dry powder, non-flammable, as amizol.
Hazards
this compound is non-combustible.
Combustion products
Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
1
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
TLV: ppm; 0.2 mg/m3 (as TWA) (ACGIH 1993-1994). NIOSH REL: Ca TWA 0.2 mg/m3 See Appendix A NIOSH IDLH: Potential occupational carcinogen
Carcinogin
G-A3, N-2, CP65
Poison_Class
2
Exposure effects
May cause cancer according to animal studies. May cause reproductive and fetal effects. Prolonged or repeated exposure may cause thyroid damage. Effects may be delayed. Laboratory experiments have resulted in mutagenic effects. Animal studies have reported the development of tumors.
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause central nervous system depression. May cause thyroid abnormalities. May be harmful if swallowed.
   Inhalation
Causes respiratory tract irritation. Can produce delayed pulmonary edema.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation. Repeated doses may cause skin rashes
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation. May cause chemical conjunctivitis.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
2588
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
AOR
 
HS Code
2933 99 90