Ammonium acetate

  • Acetic acid, ammonium salt
Formula
CH3COONH4
Structure
Description
White crystals or granules, may have a slight vinegar odor deliquescent.
Uses
Explosives, foam rubbers, vinyl plastics, & drugs.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
631-61-8
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
211-162-9
R 36/37/38
RTECS
AF3675000
RTECS class
Other
UN (DOT)
9079
Merck
13,495
Beilstein/Gmelin
3564799
Beilstein Reference
4-02-00-00094
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-8919
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C2H7NO2
Formula mass
77.08
Melting point, °C
114
Density
1.171 g/cm3 (25 C)
Solubility in water
Slightly soluble

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Store protected from moisture.
Insufficient information
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Use with adequate ventilation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions. Deliquescent; tends to lose ammonia.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, moisture.
Decomposition
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, ammonia.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
136
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Water runoff can cause environmental damage. Dike and collect water used to fight fire. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Will burn if involved in a fire. This material in sufficient quantity and reduced particle size is capable of creating a dust explosion. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire.
Fire potential
May burn but does not ignite readily.
Hazards
Containers may explode when heated.
Combustion products
Irritating vapors of ammonia acetic acid, and nitrogen oxides may form in fires.
Health
1
 
Flammability
1
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
5
Exposure effects
Chronic ingestion may cause liver damage.
   Ingestion
May cause irritation of the digestive tract. May cause muscle tremor and impaired motor function. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
9079
Response guide
Hazard class
9
USCG CHRIS Code
AAT
 
HS Code
2915 29 00
 
Std. Transport #
4962668