Ammonium benzoate

  • Benzoic acid, ammonium salt
  • Vulnoc AB
  • Vulnoc ABS
Formula
C6H5COONH4
Structure
Description
A white crystalline solid.
Uses
Industrial preservative for paper wrappers, agent for reducing curing time in vulcanization of rubber, expectorant used for chronic bronchitis, analytical reagent for various elements.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
1863-63-4
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
217-468-9
RTECS
DG3378000
RTECS class
Other
UN (DOT)
9080
Merck
12,521
Beilstein/Gmelin
3623172
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C7H6O2*H3N
Formula mass
139.15
Melting point, °C
197.8
Sublimation point, °C
160
Density
1.26 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Soluble

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Sweep up, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizers.
Decomposition
Nitrogen oxides, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, ammonia.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. To extinguish fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam.
Fire potential
Combustible solid.
Hazards
Containers may explode when heated.
Combustion products
Irritating and toxic ammonia gas and other nitrogen compounds or oxides of carbon may form in fires.

Health.
Exposure effects
Seizures have been reported to occur in animals receiving lethal doses.
   Ingestion
May cause irritation of the digestive tract. Ingestion of large amounts may cause gastrointestinal irritation.
   Inhalation
Causes respiratory tract irritation.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
   Skin
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
9080
Response guide
Hazard class
9
USCG CHRIS Code
ABZ
 
Std. Transport #
4962656