Ammonium citrate, dibasic
- Diammonium citrate
- Diammonium hydrogen 2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate
Ammonium citrate is a white granular solid.
Determination of phosphate, especially in fertilizers.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
Swiss Giftliste 1
1.483 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Hazards and Protection.
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Avoid generating dusty conditions.
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitric oxide (NOx) and ammonia (NH3) fumes.
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Extinguishing media: For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam.
Containers may explode when heated.
Toxic ammonia gas may form in fire.
Increases in blood pressure and pulse have been reported. An altered mental status (coma) may be seen, but is not characteristic unless hypoxemia occurs. Seizures may occur with extensive absorption. No data were available to assess the teratogenic potential of this agent. <br>Decreased egg production has occurred in experimental animals. Ammonia crosses the ovine placental barrier. <br>No data were available to assess the potential effects of exposure to this agent during lactation. <br>No information about possible male reproductive effects was found in available references.
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
May cause cyanosis, characterized by bluish-colored skin. Causes respiratory tract irritation. Inhalation of high concentrations can cause swelling of the lips and conjunctiva, temporary blindness, chest tightness, rapid and weak pulse, and pulmonary edema.
May cause severe irritation and possible burns.
Causes eye irritation. May cause cataracts and atrophy of the retina and iris. May cause severe and immediate pain followed by conjunctival edema and corneal clouding.
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Get medical aid. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
USCG CHRIS Code
2918 15 00
Std. Transport #