Ammonium lactate

  • Propanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-, monoammonium salt
Formula
C3H6O3 . NH3
Structure
Description
White solid or liquid. Has no odor.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
515-98-0
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
208-214-8
Merck
12,561
Beilstein/Gmelin
4272669
Beilstein Reference
4-03-00-00633
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C3H6O3.H3N
Formula mass
1-7.11
Melting point, °C
91-94
Density
1.2 g/cm3
Solubility in water
225 g/100 ml water
Refractive index
1.4543 (20 C)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Chemical splash goggles in compliance with OSHA regulations are advised; however, OSHA regulations also permit other type safety glasses. Whre chemical resistant gloves. To prevent repeated or prolonged skin contact, wear impervious clothing and boots.
Respirators
Use NIOSH/MSHA approved respirator appropriate for exposure of concern.
Small spills/leaks
Evacuate area and ventilate. Wear protective equipment. If required, use an inert absrobent. Sweep up and place in an appropriate container for disposal. Wash contaminated surfaces.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Reacts as bases to neutralize acids.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Fire Extinguishing Agents: Water, foam
Hazards
Toxic oxides of nitrogen may be formed in a fire.
Combustion products
Toxic oxides of nitrogen may be formed in a fire.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
See inhalation.
   Inhalation
Inhalation causes irritation of nose and throat. Contact with eyes causes irritation.
   Skin
See inhalation.
   Eyes
See inhalation

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Seek medical attention. If individual is drowsy or unconscious, do not give anything by mouth; place individual on the left side with the head down. Contact a physician, medical facility, or poison control center for advice about whether to induce vomiting. If possible, do not leave individual unattended.
   Inhalation
Remove to fresh air.
   Skin
Remove contaminated clothing. Wash exposed area with soap and water. If symptoms persist, seek medical attention. Launder clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Flush with water.

Transport.
USCG CHRIS Code
ALT