- 2,4,6-Trinitrophenol, ammonium salt
- Ammonium picrate, wetted with not less than 10% water
A yellow crystalline solid.
Explosives, in fireworks, rocket propellants.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
Swiss Giftliste 1
Boiling point, °C
1.719 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Heat of combustion
Hazards and Protection.
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Wear full protective clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus.
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Keep spilled material wet. Do not attempt to sweep up dry material.
Extreme - explodes at 423 C or with shock. Reactive at high temperature or pressure.
Reacts vigorously with reducing materials. Violent reaction with aluminum; BP; cyanide; esters; PN2H; phosphorus; sodium cyanide; tinchloride; sodium hypophosphite; thiocyanates, nitrates
When heated to decomposition it emits highly toxic fumes of oxides of nitrogen.
Dangerously explosive. Flood with water. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible.
Moderate by spontaneous chemical reaction.
DRIED OUT material may explode if exposed to heat, flame, friction orshock; Treat as an explosive.
Contain highly toxic NOx fumes.
Blood pressure, pulse, respiratory rate, and temperature may all be elevated after exposure. In severe poisoning, restlessness, seizures, and coma may occur. Animal studies show developmental malformations involving the neurologic, ophthalmic, urologic, and skeletal systems of offsprings.
Nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain may be prominent.
Dyspnea, tachypnea, cyanosis, and pulmonary edema may occur.
Yellow staining of skin occurs following contact with nitrophenols. Diaphoresis is common.
Cataracts, secondary glaucoma, symblepharon, paresis of accomodation, and nystagmus have been reported.
Seek medical assistance.
Move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
Wash affected areas of skin and hair vigorously with soap and water. Dermal exposure is usually accompanied by a yellowish discoloration which does not have to be removed completely to prevent absorption.
Irrigate exposed eyes with copious amounts of tepid water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia persist, the patient should be seen in a health care facility.
USCG CHRIS Code
Std. Transport #