Ammonium tartrate

  • (r)-2,3-Dihydroxybutanedioic acid, diammonium salt
  • l(+)-Tartaric acid, diammonium salt
  • Diammonium tartrate
Formula
C4H6O6.2H3N
Structure
Description
Ammonium tartrate is a white crystalline solid.
Uses
Textile industry. Dosimetry using ESR spectroscopy.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
3164-29-2
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
221-618-9
RTECS
WW8050000
RTECS class
Other
UN (DOT)
9091
Beilstein/Gmelin
3567408
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-7803
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C4H6O6*2H3N
Formula mass
184.18
Density
1.601 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Soluble

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash hands before eating. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid breathing dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitric oxide (NOx) and ammonia (NH3) fumes.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.
Fire potential
May burn but does not ignite readily.
Hazards
Containers may explode when heated.
Combustion products
Toxic oxides of nitrogen or ammonia gas may form in fires.
Health
2
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
4
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Ingestion of large amounts may cause gastrointestinal irritation. Expected to be a low ingestion hazard.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. Low hazard for usual industrial handling.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation. Low hazard for usual industrial handling.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Wash mouth out with water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
   Skin
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
9091
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
USCG CHRIS Code
ATR
 
Std. Transport #
4962660