Colored liquid with an amine odor.
Amphetamines have been used in sports as energy chemicals. Athletes trying to achieve the competitive edge may use amphetamines to increase their sports performances, especially in track and field, football, and swimming. The use of amphetamines has been banned by the international olympic committee (ioc), the national collegiate athletic association (ncaa) and most professioinal sport organizations. Amphetamines.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
Drug; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Human Data
Boiling point, °C
44 (0.3 torr)
Vapor density (air=1)
0.937 g/cm3 (18 C)
Solubility in water
1.5175 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
Hazards and Protection.
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Chemical splash goggles in compliance with OSHA regulations are advised; however, OSHA regulations also permit other type safety glasses. Whre chemical resistant gloves. To prevent repeated or prolonged skin contact, wear impervious clothing and boots.
Use NIOSH/MSHA approved respirator appropriate for exposure of concern.
(Non-Specific -- Drugs, n.o.s.) Keep unnecessary people away; isolate hazard area and deny entry. Stay upwind; keep out of low areas. Shut off ignition sources; no flares, smoking or flames in hazard area. Keep combustibles (wood, paper, oil, etc.) away from spilled material. Do not touch spilled material. Small spills: absorb with sand or other noncombustible absorbent material and place into containers for later disposal. Large spills: dike far ahead of spill for later disposal.
Incompatible with isocyanates, halogenated organics, peroxides, phenols (acidic), epoxides, anhydrides, and acid halides Flammable gaseous hydrogen is generated in combination with strong reducing agents, such as hydrides.
<100 (open cup)
Extinguish with carbon dioxide or dry chemical.
Flammable, moderate fire risk. Combustible when exposed to heat, flame, or oxidizers.
Dangerous when exposed to heat or flames. Upon decomposition, nitrogen oxides are emitted. Can react with oxidizing materials.
Severe elevated body temperature may develop. Elevated blood pressure and rapid heart rate are common. Agitation, confusion, paranoia, delirium, hallucinations, restlessness, hyperactivity, talkativeness, irritability, insomnia, and headache are common. Chorea, dystonia, fasciculations, muscle rigidity, tics, and tremors may develop. Seizures and coma may occur with severe intoxication. Other neurological effects have included stroke and cerebral vasculitis. Serotonin syndrome has occurred.
Vomiting, diarrhea, cramps, anorexia and gastrointestinal hemorrhage may occur.
Tachypnea is common. Pulmonary hypertension has been associated with chronic use or abuse which may result from contaminants. Pulmonary edema and ards are unusual complications of severe exposure.
The skin is usually flushed and diaphoretic.
Do not induce emesis. Activated charcoal: administer charcoal as a slurry (240 ml water/30 g charcoal). Usual dose: 25 to 100 g in adults/adolescents.
If symptoms develop, move individual away from exposure and into fresh air. If symptoms persist, seek medical attention. If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen. Keep person warm and quiet; seek immediate medical attention.
Remove contaminated clothing. Wash exposed area with soap and water. If symptoms persist, seek medical attention. Launder clothing before reuse.
If symptoms develop, immediately move individual away from exposure and into fresh air. Flush eyes gently with water for at least 15 minutes while holding eyelids apart; seek immediate medical attention.