Amyl nitrate

  • Nitric acid, pentyl ester
  • Pentyl nitrate
Formula
C5H11NO3
Structure
Description
A clear colorless liquid with an ether-like odor.
Uses
Emergency management of cyanide poisoning.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
1002-16-0
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
213-684-2
RTECS
QV0600000
RTECS class
Other
UN (DOT)
1112
Beilstein/Gmelin
1570287
Beilstein Reference
5-20-05-00535
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C5H11NO3
Formula mass
133.15
Melting point, °C
-123
Boiling point, °C
158
Vapor pressure, mmHg
3.6 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
4.59
Density
1.0 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Refractive index
1.4824 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
2.68
Heat of vaporization
37.8 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Respirators
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Small spills/leaks
Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Build dikes to contain flow as necessary. Use water spray to knock-down vapors.
Stability
No data.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
48
Fire fighting
Do not extinguish fire unless flow can be stopped. Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Solid streams of water may be ineffective. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible. Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide.
Fire potential
Moderate fire hazard, when exposed to heat or flame or by spontaneous chem reaction. Can react with oxidizing material. Caution--amyl nitrite is very flammable. Do not use where it may be ignited.
Hazards
May explode from heat or contamination. May react explosively with hydrocarbons (fuels). May ignite combustibles.
Combustion products
Toxic oxides of nitrogen may form in a fire.
Health
0
 
Flammability
2
 
 
Reactivity
0
 
 
Special
O

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Ingestion may cause severe injury, burns, or death.
   Inhalation
Vapors may cause injury, burns, death.
   Skin
Contact may result in injury, burns and death.
   Eyes
See Skin.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Induce vomiting; get medical attention.
   Inhalation
Move to fresh air; support respiration; get medical attention.
   Skin
Wash with soap and water.
   Eyes
Irrigate thoroughly with water.

Transport.
UN number
1112
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
ANT
 
Std. Transport #
4912007