Anthrone

  • 9(10h)-Anthracenone
  • Anthranone
  • Carbothrone
  • 9,10-Dihydro-9-oxoanthracene
Formula
C14H10O
Structure
Description
Orthorhombic needles from benzene and petroleum ether.
Uses
In colorimetric determination of sugar and animal starch in body fluids, in organic synthesis.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
90-44-8
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
201-994-0
S 22 24/25
RTECS
CB8925500
RTECS class
Mutagen
UN (DOT)
1325
Merck
13,696
Beilstein/Gmelin
1910173
Beilstein Reference
4-06-00-04930
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-1137
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C14H10O
Formula mass
194.24
Melting point, °C
154
Boiling point, °C
343
Vapor pressure, mmHg
7E-5 (25 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Partition coefficient, pKow
3.66
Heat of fusion
26.80 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization
58.7 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion
-6858 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Do not store in direct sunlight. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash hands before eating. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid breathing dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Reduce airborne dust and prevent scattering by moistening with water.
Disposal code
3
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
150
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. To extinguish fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam.
Fire potential
Flammable/combustible material. May be ignited by friction, heat, sparks or flames.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating and/or toxic gases.

Health.
Poison_Class
4
Exposure effects
The toxological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
   Skin
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
1325
Response guide
Hazard class
4.1
Packing Group
II; III
 
HS Code
2914 39 00