Antimony pentachloride, solution
- Antimony perchloride
- Antimony chloride
- Antimony (V) chloride
Physical properties are for pure material.
As catalyst when replacing a fluorine substituent with chlorine in organic compounds.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
Corrosive; Dangerous for the Environment
R 34 37 51/53
S 26 45 61
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
3 - 4
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
11.5 (64.6 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
2.378 g/cm3 (2.6 C)
Solubility in water
1.91 cp (35 C)
36.5 erg/cm2 (15.5 C)
1.59255 (22 C)
2.31 (21 C)
Heat of fusion
Heat of vaporization
Hazards and Protection.
Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container. Keep under a nitrogen blanket. Corrosives area. Water free area.
Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash hands before eating. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use only in a well ventilated area. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Do not ingest or inhale. Do not allow contact with water. Discard contaminated shoes.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Provide ventilation. Do not get water inside containers. Use water spray to reduce vapors or divert vapor cloud drift.
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Strong oxidizing agents and moist air or water.
Hydrogen chloride, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, antimony/antimony oxides, chlorine.
Use dry chemical, dry sand, or carbon dioxide. Do not use water on material itself. If large quantities of combustibles are involved, use water in flooding quantities as spray and fog. Use water spray to knock-down vapors. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible.
Irritating fumes of hydrogen chloride given off when water or foam is used to extinguish adjacent fire.
Not combustible, but if involved in fire decomposes to produce fumes of antimony and hydrogen chloride.
NIOSH REL*: TWA 0.5 mg/m3 OSHA PEL*: TWA 0.5 mg/m3 [*Note: REL and PEL also apply to other antimony compounds (as Sb).] IDLH 50 mg/m3 (as Sb)
May cause reproductive and fetal effects.
Causes gastrointestinal tract burns. May cause perforation of the digestive tract.
Harmful if inhaled. May cause severe irritation of the respiratory tract with sore throat, coughing, shortness of breath and delayed lung edema.
Causes skin burns.
Causes eye burns.
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration.
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. Destroy contaminated shoes.
Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT allow victim to rub or keep eyes closed. Extensive irrigation is required (at least 30 minutes).
USCG CHRIS Code
2827 39 80
Std. Transport #