Arsenic acid, solid
- Orthoarsenic acid
White crystals. There is a second UN number (1553) for Arsenic acid, liquid. It has the same guide.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
2.2 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
16.7 g / 100 ml
Hazards and Protection.
Protect container against physical damage. Store in well ventilated area away from food or food products and combustible materials.
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Flush with water, rinse with sodium bicarbonate or lime solution.
Reacts with alkalis to generate some heat and precipitate arsenates.
Dangerous when heated to decomposition, emits toxic fumes of arsenic, including arsine.
SMALL FIRES: Dry chemical, carbon dioxide or water spray. LARGE FIRES: Dry chemical, carbon dioxide, alcohol-resistant foam or water spray. Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk. Dike fire control water for later disposal; do not scatter the material. FIRE INVOLVING TANKS OR CAR/TRAILER LOADS: Fight fire from maximum distance or use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles. Do not get water inside containers. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of tank. ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire.
Some are oxidizers and may ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated.
Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes.
TLV (as As): ppm; 0.01 mg/m3 A1 (ACGIH 1997). MAK: class III A1 (1997).
O, G-A1, I-1, N-1, CP65
Abnormally low blood pressure and rapid heart rate are common early signs. Fever and rapid breathing may occur. Elevated blood pressure has been associated with chronic environmental arsenic exposure. Altered mental status, seizures, toxic delirium, encephalopathy, and delayed peripheral neuropathy are complications of acute arsenic poisoning. Inorganic arsenic crosses the placenta and may result in spontaneous abortion or stillbirth with either acute or chronic poisoning.
Acute toxicity results in early symptoms of abdominal pain, severe vomiting and diarrhea, as well as dryness of the oral and nasal cavities.
Respiratory tract irritation may occur. Cardiogenic or noncardiogenic pulmonary edema and respiratory failure may develop in severe poisonings.
Skin findings may include hyperpigmentation, keratoses, and epidermoid carcinomas. Mee's lines of the nails are common. Trivalent arsenic compounds are corrosive to the skin. Arsenic trioxide and pentoxide are sensitizers.
As(III) is corrosive to the eyes, mouth, and mucous membranes. Perforation of the nasal septum can occur.
Gastric decontamination - aggressive decontamination with gastric lavage is recommended. Activated charcoal: administer charcoal as a slurry (240 ml water/30 g charcoal). Usual dose: 25 to 100 g in adults/adolescents.
Move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
Wash well with soap and water.
Immediately flush with running water for at least 20 minutes.
USCG CHRIS Code
Std. Transport #