Colors range from white to gray, green, brown.
The largest use of asbestos is in asbestos cement for products such as pipes, ducts, & flat & corrugated sheets. Pipe products find use in water supply, sewage disposal, & irrigation systems. Asbestos cement sheets are used in a wide variety of construction applications. Other uses of asbestos include fire resistant textiles, friction materials (ie, brake linings), underlayment & roofing papers, & floor tiles.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
Tumorigen; Mutagen; Human Data; Natural Product
Swiss Giftliste 1
Melting point, °C
2.5 - 3.5 g/cm3
Solubility in water
Hazards and Protection.
Storage should be close to laboratory where material is to be used, so that only small amounts need to be carried. Carcinogens should be kept in only one section of storage area, explosion-proof refrigerator or freezer as required. The area should be appropriately labeled. An inventory should be kept showing the quantity of carcinogen and date it was acquired. Facilities for dispensing should be contiguous to storage area.
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Wear appropriate clothing to prevent any reasonable probability of skin contact. Wear eye protection to prevent any possibility of eye contact.
Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode. Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained breathing apparatus operated in pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode.
Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Land spill: Cover solids with a plastic sheet to prevent dissolving in rain or fire fighting water. Dike surface flow using soil, sand bags, foamed polyurethane, or foamed concrete. Water spill: Use natural barriers or oil spill control booms to limit spill travel.
Extinguish fire using agent suitable for type of surrounding fire. (Material itself does not burn or burns with difficulty.) Keep run-off water out of sewers and water sources.
Containers may explode when heated.
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
0.1 f/cc PEL
O, G-A1, I-1, N-1, CP65
Transplacental transfer of asbestos may occur, but this has not been linked with any adverse reproductive outcomes in humans.
Asbestosis - is defined as a diffuse bilateral interstitial fibrosis primarily affecting the lower 2/3 of the lung. Signs and symptoms include breathlessness on effort, finger clubbing, clicking, and rales.
Benign nodules called asbestos corns develop around implanted fibers.
Seek medical assistance.
Move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. Immediately flush with running water for at least 20 minutes.
Immediately flush with running water for at least 20 minutes.
USCG CHRIS Code
Std. Transport #