Atropine sulfate monohydrate
- Benzeneacetic acid, a-(hydroxymethyl)- (3-endo)-8-methyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl ester, sulfate (2:1) (salt), monohydrate
- a-(hydroxymethyl)-8-methyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl ester endo-(+/-)-, sulfate (2:1) (salt), monohydrate
A premedication for anaesthesia, atropine decreases bronchial and salivary secretions, blocks the bradycardia associated with some drugs used in anaesthesia such as halothane, suxamethonium and neostigmine, and also helps prevent bradycardia from excessive vagal stimulation.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
S 25 45
Melting point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
7.2 (20 C)
Hazards and Protection.
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Store protected from light.
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Store protected from light.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, oxides of sulfur, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, nitrogen.
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Extinguishing media: Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire. In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Exposure to large doses may cause central nervous system depression.
May cause irritation of the digestive tract. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. Ingestion of large amounts may cause pain, constipation or diarrhea. May cause an abrupt rise in body temperature, convulsions, and coma. Ingestion may cause headache, nausea, and vomiting.
May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. May cause cardiovascular disturbances, hearing abnormalities, central nervous system depression, muscle weakness, and possible death due to respiratory failure.
May cause skin irritation. May cause skin rash and eruptions.
May cause eye irritation. May cause lacrimation (tearing), blurred vision, and photophobia.
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration.
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
I; II; III