alpha-Chloralose

  • 2-Chloralose
  • Chloralose
  • alpha-D-Glucofuranose
  • 1,2-O-(2,2,2-Trichloroethylidene)
Formula
C8H11Cl3O6
Structure
Description
White solid
Uses
The material is used as a rat poison.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
15879-93-3
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
240-016-7
EC Index Number
605-013-00-0
EC Class
Harmful
S 16 24/25 28
RTECS
FM9450000
RTECS class
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Tumorigen; Human Data
Merck
13,2081
Beilstein/Gmelin
85418
Beilstein Reference
4-19-00-04906
EPA OPP
476200
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-1385
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C8H11Cl3O6
Formula mass
309.53
Melting point, °C
187
Boiling point, °C
504
Vapor pressure, mmHg
3E-12 (25 C)
Solubility in water
4 g/L
pKa/pKb
12.89 (pKa)
Partition coefficient, pKow
1.61
Heat of vaporization
89.1 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Do not ingest or inhale.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents, strong acids and strong bases.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
259
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution. To extinguish fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam.
Health
2
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
3
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Harmful if swallowed. May cause irritation of the digestive tract. May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure.
   Inhalation
Inhalation of high concentrations may cause central nervous system effects characterized by headache, dizziness, unconsciousness and coma. May cause respiratory tract irritation.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation. Prolonged and/or repeated contact may cause irritation and/or dermatitis.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.