Barbital sodium

  • Barbituric acid, 5,5-diethyl, sodium salt
  • Sodium Diethyl Barbiturate
Formula
C8H11N2NaO3
Structure
Uses
Used as a sedative and hypnotic.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
144-02-5
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
205-613-9
EC Class
harmful
S 22 24/25
RTECS
CQ3850000
RTECS class
Tumorigen; Drug; Reproductive Effector
Beilstein/Gmelin
3921202
Beilstein Reference
4-24-00-01901
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C8H11N2NaO3
Formula mass
206.18
Melting point, °C
395
Density
1.41 g/cm3
Solubility in water
200 g/L (20 C)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Keep containers tightly closed.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash hands before eating. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Do not ingest or inhale.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Small spills/leaks
Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Sweep up or absorb material, then place into a suitable clean, dry, closed container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitric oxide (NOx) and ammonia (NH3) fumes.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Extinguishing media: Substance is noncombustible; use agent most appropriate to extinguish surrounding fire.
Health
1
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure effects
Chronic inhalation and ingestion may cause effects similar to those of acute inhalation and ingestion. Can be addictive.
   Ingestion
Harmful if swallowed. May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure.
   Inhalation
Inhalation of high concentrations may cause central nervous system effects characterized by headache, dizziness, unconsciousness and coma. May cause respiratory tract irritation.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation. Can be addictive.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately. Induce vomiting by giving one teaspoon of Syrup of Ipecac.
   Inhalation
If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
HS Code
2933 53 10