Colorless liquid, pleasant, fruity odor. Hygroscopic.
Manufacture of other benzyl compound, solvent for cellulose acetate, in perfumery and in flavoring, solvent for gelatin, casein (when hot), and shellac, in microscopy as embedding material.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
Tumorigen; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Natural Product; Primary Irritant
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.15 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
200 ppm at 25 C (calculated)
1.8 (diethyl ether = 1)
Odor Threshold Odor threshold 5.5 ppm
1.050 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
4.43 cp (29.85 C)
1.54035 (20 C)
1.7 D (20 C)
13.1 (25 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
Heat of fusion
Heat of vaporization
Heat of combustion
Hazards and Protection.
Protect against physical damage. Outside or detached storage is preferred. Inside storage should be in a standard flammable liquids storage room or cabinet. Separate from oxidizing materials. Storage and use areas should be No Smoking areas
Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash hands before eating. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid breathing dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Do not ingest or inhale.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Provide ventilation.
Stable under ordinary conditions of use and storage. Undergoes slow oxidation in the presence of air or oxygen to form benzaldehyde and benzoic acid.
Strong oxidizing agents, acids, plastics, sulfuric acid, moisture, hydrogen bromide gas + iron at >100C(exothermic polymerization).
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, acrid smoke and fumes.
Upper exp. limit, %
Lower exp. limit, %
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Will burn if involved in a fire. Extinguishing media: Use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or alcohol-resistant foam. Water spray may cause frothing.
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis.
Large doses may cause sore throat, coughing, labored respiration, dizziness, dullness, abdominal pain, vomiting, central nervous system depression, convulsions, and death due to respiratory failure.
Causes irritation to the respiratory tract. Symptoms may include coughing, shortness of breath. May be absorbed into the bloodstream with symptoms similar to ingestion.
Causes skin irritation. Prolonged and/or repeated contact may cause defatting of the skin and dermatitis. Causes redness and pain. May be harmful if absorbed through the skin. Contact with the skin may cause a local anesthetic effect.
Causes severe eye irritation. Causes redness and pain.
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Get medical aid. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.