Birch tar oil
- White birch oil
- Oleum rusci
Brown liquid with a characteristic, smokey distilled odor and bitter taste.
Preserving leather and wood empyreumatic, vet: has been used externally in skin diseases rectified, synthetic flavor (from betula pendula roth), raw material for oil used in foods and beverages, in dermatological applications, and as a fragrance ingredient.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
Natural Product; Primary Irritant
Boiling point, °C
1.135 g/cm3 (25 C)
Solubility in water
0.9 g/ml (20 C)
1.538 (20 C)
Hazards and Protection.
Keep tightly closed. Keep away from heat and open flame.
Compatible chemical-resistant gloves. Chemical safety goggles.
Government approved respirator.
Absorb on sand or vermiculite and place in closed containers for disposal. Ventilate area and wash spill site after material pickup is complete.
Stable at normal temperatures and pressures.
Avoid contact with oxidizing agents.
Nature of decomposition products not known.
Extinguish using Water spray. Carbon dioxide, dry chemical powder, or appropriate foam. Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and protective clothing to prevent contact with skin and eyes.
Combustible when exposed to heat or flame.
Emits toxic fumes under fire conditions. Combustible liquid.
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Irritant. Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin. Combustible liquid.
Heartburn, epigastric and oral pain, reflux, nausea vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea may occur. The fats, waxes, and oils may contribute to nausea and diarrhea.
A mild allergin. A skin irritant. Moderately irritating to eyes and mucous membranes.
1. Consider gastric lavage after ingestion of a potentially life-threatening amount of poison if it can be performed soon after ingestion (generally within 1 hour). Protect airway by placement in Trendelenburg and left lateral decubitus position or by endotracheal intubation. Control any seizures first. 2. Administer charcoal as a slurry 240 mL water/30 g charcoal). Usual dose: 25 to 100 g in adults/adolescents, 25 to 50 g in children (1 to 12 years), and 1 g/kg in infants less than 1 year old. 3. Immediate dilution with milk or water may be of benefit in caustic or irritant chemical ingestions.
Move patient to fresh air. Monitor for respiratory distress. If cough or difficulty breathing develops, evaluate for respiratory tract irritation bronchitis, or pneumonitis. Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required. Treat bronchospasm with inhaled beta2 agonist and oral or parenteral corticosteroids. Respiratory tract irritation, if severe, can progress to pulmonary edema which may be delayed in onset up to 24 to 72 hours after exposure in some cases.
Skin should be thoroughly washed with soap and water Contaminated clothing and shoes should be discarded Seek medical attention. Administer 100 percent humidified supplemental oxygen with assisted ventilation as required. Treat for methemoglobinemia and sequelae. Signs and symptoms of methemoglobinemia may be delayed.
Irrigate exposed eyes with copious amounts of room temperature water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia persist, the patient should be seen in a health care facility.