Bismuth bromide

  • Bismuth tribromide
  • Bismuth(III) bromide
Formula
BiBr3
Structure
Description
Yellow, crystalline, deliquescent powder with a hydrogen bromide odor.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
7787-58-8
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
232-121-1
Merck
12,1299
Beilstein/Gmelin
26048 (G)
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
BiBr3
Formula mass
448.69
Melting point, °C
218
Boiling point, °C
278 (11 torr)
Density
5.72 g/cm3
Solubility in water
Decomposes.
Thermal expansion
0.000565/K
Heat of fusion
20.9 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a tightly closed container, in a cool, dry location.
Handling
Implement engineering and work practice controls to reduce and maintain concentration of exposure at low levels. Use good housekeeping and sanitation practices. Do not use tobacco or food in work area. Wash thoroughly before eating and smoking. Do not blow dust off clothing or skin with compressed air.
Protection
Safety glasses, neoprene gloves and protective clothing.
Respirators
Wear a NIOSH-approved dust-mist-fume cartridge respirator.
Small spills/leaks
Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and full protective clothing. Isolate the area where the spill occurred and insure proper ventilation is available. Vacuum up spill using a high efficiency unit (HEPA) and place in a container for proper disposal. Take care not to raise dust.
Stability
Stable at normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Water, acids, oxidizing agents, sodium and potassium.
Decomposition
Fumes of bromine.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Use suitable extinguishing media for surrounding materials and type of fire. Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus and full protective clothing to prevent contact with skin and eyes.
Fire potential
Non-flammable.
Hazards
When strongly heated, bismuth bromide may emit highly toxic fumes of bromine.
Health
4
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
2
 

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
SEVERE IRRITANT AND CORROSIVE. May cause abdominal pain, irritability, confusion, tremors, memory loss, slurred speech, anorexia, malaise, albuminuria, diarrhea, skin reactions, stomatitis, headache, fever, rheumatic pain, a black line on the gums in the mouth.
   Inhalation
SEVERE IRRITANT AND CORROSIVE. May cause sneezing, coughing, difficulty breathing, irritation of the mucous membranes, depression, emaciation, altered respiratory rates, convulsions and in severe cases, psychosis and mental deterioration.
   Skin
SEVERE IRRITANT AND CORROSIVE. May cause irritation, skin lesions, acne-form eruptions and measle-like eruptions.
   Eyes
SEVERE IRRITANT AND CORROSIVE. May cause permanent eye injuries.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Give 1-2 glasses of milk or water, DO NOT induce vomiting; seek medical attention immediately.
   Inhalation
Remove victim to fresh air; keep warm and quiet; give oxygen if breathing is difficult and seek medical attention immediately.
   Skin
Remove contaminated clothing; brush material off skin; wash affected area with mild soap and water; seek medical attention immediately.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with lukewarm water, lifting upper and lower eyelids for at least 15 minutes. Seek medical attention immediately.

Transport.