Bismuth nitrate

  • Nitric acid, bismuth(3+) salt
  • Bismuth(III) nitrate
Formula
Bi(NO3)3
Structure
Description
White crystals.
Uses
Used in the preparation of other bismuth salts, luminous paints.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
10361-44-1
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
233-791-8
R 8 36/37/38
S 17 26 37/39
RTECS
EB2984400
UN (DOT)
1477
Merck
12,1311
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
BiN3O9
Formula mass
395
Melting point, °C
845
Density
2.83 g/cm3

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Do not store near combustible materials. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Store protected from moisture. Avoid storage on wood floors.
Protection
Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure. Wear appropriate clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Wear a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved full-facepiece airline respirator in the positive pressure mode with emergency escape provisions.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Keep combustibles (wood, paper, oil, etc.,) away from spilled material.
Stability
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Incompatibilities
Reducing agents, strong acids, finely powdered metals, organic materials, combustible materials.
Decomposition
Nitrogen oxides, bismuth oxide.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Strong oxidizer. Contact with other material may cause fire. May require flooding with water in order to eliminate hazardous reactions since the materials generate their own oxygen.
Health
2
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
1
 
 
Special
O

Health.
Exposure effects
Chronic exposure: May cause kidney injury. May cause methemoglobinemia, which is characterized by chocolate-brown colored blood, headache, weakness, dizziness, breath shortness, cyanosis (bluish skin due to deficient oxygenation of blood), rapid heart rate, unconsciousness and possible death. Methylene blue, alone or in combination with oxygen is indicated as a treatment in nitrite induced methemoglobinemia.
   Ingestion
May cause irritation of the digestive tract. Ingestion of nitrate containing compounds can lead to methemoglobinemia.
   Inhalation
Dust is irritating to the respiratory tract. May cause methemoglobinemia, cyanosis (bluish discoloration of skin due to deficient oxygenation of the blood), convulsions, tachycardia, dyspnea (labored breathing), and death. May cause acute pulmonary edema, asphyxia, chemical pneumonitis, and upper airway obstruction caused by edema.
   Skin
Causes irritation.
   Eyes
Causes irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do not induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Get medical aid.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear. Do NOT use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
   Skin
Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
1477
Response guide
Hazard class
5.1
Packing Group
II