Bismuth trichloride

Formula
BiCl3
Structure
Description
yellow-white cubic crystals, hygroscopic
Uses
Substance is used in the production of other bismuth salts.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
7787-60-2
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
232-123-2
R 36/37/38
RTECS
EB2690000
RTECS class
Mutagen
Merck
13,1261
Beilstein/Gmelin
2162 (G)
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
BiCl3
Formula mass
315.33
Melting point, °C
232
Boiling point, °C
447
Vapor pressure, mmHg
36.2 (287.3 C)
Density
4.75 g/cm3 (20 C)
Viscosity
41
Thermal expansion
0.000545/K
Heat of fusion
27.20 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container. Keep under a nitrogen blanket. Keep away from water.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Do not ingest or inhale.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Avoid generating dusty conditions.
Stability
May decompose on exposure to moist air or water.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause corrosion and permanent tissue destruction of the esophagus and digestive tract.
   Inhalation
Irritation may lead to chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema. Causes severe irritation of upper respiratory tract with coughing, burns, breathing difficulty, and possible coma. Inhalation may be fatal as a result of spasm, inflammation, edema of the larynx and bronchi, chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema.
   Skin
Causes severe burns with delayed tissue destruction.
   Eyes
Causes eye burns. May cause irreversible eye injury.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
   Skin
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Destroy contaminated shoes.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.