Gray white soft metal.
In safety devices in fire detection & extinguishing systems, catalyst for making acrylic fibers, in prodn of malleable irons, carrier for radioactive uranium fuel in atomic reactors.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
Swiss Giftliste 1
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.75 (930 C)
9.78 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
0.00119 P (500 C)
12 (505 C)
15.3E-5/K (20 C)
Heat of fusion
Heat of vaporization
Hazards and Protection.
Keep away from heat and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool, dry place. Keep container closed when not in use. Store in a tightly closed container.
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use only in a well ventilated area. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Sweep up or absorb material, then place into a suitable clean, dry, closed container for disposal.
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Acids, aluminum, bromine trifluoride, halogens, nitric acid.
Irritating and toxic fumes and gases, bismuth oxide.
Lower exp. limit, %
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Flammable when exposed to flame. Flammable solid. Extinguishing media: Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire.
Moderate when exposed to flame and by chemical reaction with oxidizing agents.
Oxides from metallic fires are a severe health hazard. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
OEL-RUSSIA:STEL 0.5 mg/m3
Chronic exposure may bismuth line (gray blue deposition in the gum area). May cause excess salivation, foul breath,
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause fever and rheumatic pain.
May cause respiratory tract irritation.
May cause skin irritation.
May cause eye irritation.
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Get medical aid immediately. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.