Bromal

  • Tribromoacetaldehyde
  • 2,2,2-Tribromoacetaldehyde
Formula
Br3CCHO
Structure
Description
Clear, brown liquid.
Uses
In medicine, organic synthesis.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
115-17-3
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
204-067-9
RTECS
AB3237500
RTECS class
Other
UN (DOT)
2810
Merck
12,1404
Beilstein/Gmelin
1098614
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-03155
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C2HBr3O
Formula mass
280.74
Boiling point, °C
174
Density
3.34 g/cm3
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Viscosity
5.31 cp (25 C)
Refractive index
1.584 (20 C)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Refrigerator (approx 4 C).
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear protective safety goggles or face shield as described in 29 CRF 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin contact should be eliminated by wearing the appropriate chemical protective gloves annd clothing.
Respirators
Not available.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen bromide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
65
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus inpressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and fullprotective gear. Combustible Liquid. In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, orchemical foam.
Fire potential
Combustible material: may burn but does not ignite readily.
Hazards
When heated, vapors may form explosive mixtures with air: indoors, outdoors, and sewers explosion hazards.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause irritation.
   Inhalation
Harmful if inhaled.
   Skin
Harmful if absorbed through the skin.
   Eyes
May cause irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Administer charcoal as a slurry (240 ml water/30 g charcoal). Usual dose: 25 to 100 g in adults/adolescents. Consider after ingestion of a potentially life-threatening amount of poison if it can be performed soon after ingestion (generally within 1 hour).
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Obtain medical assistance
   Skin
Obtain medical assistance. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower lids. Obtain medical assistance.

Transport.
UN number
2810
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
I; II; III