Bromoacetonitrile

  • 2-Bromoacetonitrile
  • Bromoacetonitrile
  • Cyanomethyl bromide
  • Bromomethyl cyanide
Formula
C2H2BrN
Structure
Description
Pale yellow to light amber liquid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
590-17-0
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
209-672-1
R 23/24/25 36/37/38
S 26 36/37/39 45
RTECS
AL7970000
RTECS class
Mutagen
UN (DOT)
3279
Beilstein/Gmelin
956569
Beilstein Reference
4-02-00-00531
New Zealand
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C2H2BrN
Formula mass
119.96
Melting point, °C
-36
Boiling point, °C
150
Critical temperature
369
Critical pressure
52.9
Density
1.771 g/cm3
Solubility in water
Soluble
Refractive index
1.48 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
0.82

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container. Corrosives area.
Handling
Use only in a well ventilated area. Do not breathe dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Use only in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Strong acids - strong bases - strong oxidizing agents - strong reducing agents.
Decomposition
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen bromide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
110
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.
Fire potential
This chemical is probably combustible.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion and poison hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Combustion products
Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Poison by ingestion. May cause headache. May cause nausea and vomiting.
   Inhalation
Causes respiratory tract irritation. Inhalation may be fatal as a result of spasm, inflammation, edema of the larynx and bronchi, chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema. Toxic if inhaled.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation. Toxic in contact with skin.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation. Lachrymator.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Get medical aid immediately. Wash mouth out with water.
   Inhalation
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
   Skin
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
UN number
3279
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
I; II