- Phenyl bromide
Mobile clear colorless liquid with a pungent odor.
In organic synthesis, esp to make phenyl magnesium bromide, as additive to motor oils, as solvent, esp for crystallizations on a large scale & where a heavy liq is desirable.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
Flammable; Irritant; Dangerous for the Environment
R 10 38 51/53
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
3.1 (20 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
26 g/m3 (20 C)
1.495 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
1.124 cp @ 20C
1.5625 (20 C)
1.5 D(20 C)
5.4 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
Heat of fusion
Heat of vaporization
Heat of combustion
Hazards and Protection.
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Flammables-area.
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
Stable under normal shipping and handling conditions.
Bromobutane + sodium, strong oxidizing agents, alkali metals.
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, hydrogen bromide.
Upper exp. limit, %
Lower exp. limit, %
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Will burn if involved in a fire. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. This chemical poses an explosion hazard. Extinguishing media: For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. For large fires, use water spray, fog, or alcohol-resistant foam. Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Water may be ineffective. Do NOT use straight streams of water.
Moderate fire hazard, when exposed to heat or flame.
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Irritating hydrogen bromide and other gases may be produced in fire.
Dizziness, headache, fatigue, confusion, altered mental status, delirium, seizures, coma, amnesia, incoherent speech, ataxia, intention tremor, and positive rhomberg sign may occur. Carbon tetrachloride was fetotoxic and teratogenic in experimental animals and produced histological changes in the livers of nursing neonatal rats. It affected sperm, sperm duct, and epididymis in male rats.
Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause central nervous system depression.
Inhalation of high concentrations may cause central nervous system effects characterized by headache, dizziness, unconsciousness and coma. Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause narcotic effects in high concentration. May cause liver abnormalities. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. May cause blood changes.
Causes skin irritation. May be absorbed through the skin in harmful amounts. If absorbed, may cause liver injury.
Causes eye irritation.
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.