Clear colorless liquid.
Chemical reagentintermediate in organic synthesis.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
R 45 20/22 36/37/38
S 53 45
Tumorigen; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
Odor Threshold Odor threshold 1680 mg/m3
1.98 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
1.84 cp (15 C)
31.22 g/s2 (23 C)
1.4977 (15 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
Heat of vaporization
Hazards and Protection.
Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container.
Wash thoroughly after handling. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Use only in a chemical fume hood.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Wash area with soap and water. Provide ventilation.
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Strong bases, strong oxidizing agents, magnesium.
Hydrogen chloride, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen bromide.
Fires involving this material can be controlled with a dry chemical, carbon dioxide or Halon extinguisher.
This material is nonflammable
When heated, vapors may form explosive mixtures with air: indoors, outdoors, and sewers explosion hazards.
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
I-2B, N-2, CP65
May cause cancer according to animal studies.
Harmful if swallowed. May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
Harmful if inhaled. Prolonged exposure may result in dizziness and general weakness. Causes severe irritation of upper respiratory tract with coughing, burns, breathing difficulty, and possible coma. May cause narcotic effects in high concentration.
Causes skin irritation. Harmful if absorbed through the skin.
Causes eye irritation.
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Get medical aid immediately.
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists.
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
I; II; III
USCG CHRIS Code
2903 49 80