- n-Butyl Acetate
- Acetic acid n-butyl ester
Colorless liquid with a fruity, banana-like odor, agreeable in low concentrations, but not very pleasant at higher levels.
Manufacture lacquer, artificial leather, photographic films, plastics, safety glass.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
Flammable; Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking; Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness
R 10 66 67
Reproductive Effector; Human Data; Primary Irritant
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
15 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
13160 ppm (1.32%) at 20 C; 19740 ppm (approx. 2%) at 25 C (calculated)
1.0 (butyl acetate = 1)
Odor Threshold Odor threshold 7 ppm
0.875 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
0.83 g/100 mL
0.63 cp (30 C)
24.8 g/s2 (0 C)
1.3939 (20 C)
1.84 D (22 C)
5 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
Heat of vaporization
Heat of combustion
Hazards and Protection.
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Flammables-area.
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Use water spray to disperse the gas/vapor. Remove all sources of ignition. Absorb spill using an absorbent, non-combustible material such as earth, sand, or vermiculite. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions. Forms explosive mixtures with air(72F/22C).
Water, strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, nitrates, caustics, potassium-tert-butoxide.
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Upper exp. limit, %
Lower exp. limit, %
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Water runoff can cause environmental damage. Dike and collect water used to fight fire. Combustion generates toxic fumes. Will burn if involved in a fire. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. May accumulate static electrical charges, and may cause ignition of its own vapors. Extinguishing media: For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. For large fires, use water spray, fog, or alcohol-resistant foam. Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide.
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. May polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.
Toxic vapors and gases (such as carbon monoxide) may be released in a fire involving butyl acetate.
OSHA PEL: TWA 150 ppm (710 mg/m3) NIOSH REL: TWA 150 ppm (710 mg/m3) ST 200 ppm (950 mg/m3) NIOSH IDLH: 1700 ppm LEL
Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause defatting and dermatitis. May cause liver and kidney damage. May cause fetal effects.
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure. Ingestion of large amounts may cause CNS depression.
May cause respiratory tract irritation. May cause effects similar to those described for ingestion. Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. May cause burning sensation in the chest.
May cause skin irritation. May cause skin sensitization, an allergic reaction, which becomes evident upon re-exposure to this material. Prolonged and/or repeated contact may cause defatting of the skin and dermatitis. May cause irritation and dermatitis. May cause cyanosis of the extremities.
Vapors may cause eye irritation. May cause chemical conjunctivitis and corneal damage.
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.