Butyl alcohol (all isomers)

Formula
NA
Description
Generic CHRIS entry

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
UN (DOT)
1120
Beilstein/Gmelin
NA

Properties.
Formula
C4H10O
Formula mass
74.12
Solubility in water
Soluble

Hazards and Protection.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves and appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
A full facepiece respirator with organic vapor cartridge may be worn up to 50 times the exposure limit or the maximum use concentration specified by the appropriate regulatory agency or respirator supplier, whichever is lowest. For emergencies or instances where the exposure levels are not known, use a full-facepiece positive-pressure, air-supplied respirator.
Small spills/leaks
Make no contact with the spilled material. ELIMINATE all ignition sources and ground all equipment. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors. Absorb or cover with dry earth, sand or other non-combustible material and transfer to containers. Use clean non-sparking tools to collect absorbed material.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Use of water spray when fighting fire may be inefficient. Small Fires: Dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. Large Fires: Water spray, fog or alcohol-resistant foam. Use water spray or fog; do not use straight streams. Do not use dry chemical extinguishers to control fires involving nitromethane or nitroethane.
Fire potential
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
1
 
Flammability
3
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure effects
Prolonged skin contact may cause drying and cracking of skin. Hearing loss has been reported in workers chronically exposed to butyl alcohol. May affect sense of balance, liver and kidneys.
   Ingestion
May have narcotic effect. May cause abdominal pain, nausea, headache, dizziness, and diarrhea. Large doses may affect kidneys and liver. May affect hearing. Estimated mean lethal dose is 3 - 7 ounces.
   Inhalation
Butyl alcohols have produced few cases of poisoning in industry because of their low volatility. Causes irritation to upper respiratory tract. Difficult breathing, coughing, headache, dizziness, and drowsiness may occur. May be absorbed into the bloodstream with symptoms similar to ingestion.
   Skin
An irritant to the skin, causing a loss of natural oils. Can be absorbed through skin with symptoms paralleling those from ingestion.
   Eyes
Vapors can be irritating, causing tearing and pain. Splashes cause inflammation and blurred vision.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Induce vomiting immediately as directed by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Call a physician.
   Inhalation
Move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
   Skin
Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash skin with soap and water. Flush with running water for at least 20 minutes
   Eyes
Flush with running water for at least 20 minutes.

Transport.
UN number
1120
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
II; III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
BAY
 
20 Alcohols, Glycols
IMO Pollution Category
III