Cadmium carbonate

  • Carbonic acid, cadmium salt (1:1)
  • Chemcarb
  • Mikrokalcit
  • Supermikrokalci
  • Kalcit
Formula
CCdO3
Structure
Description
White, hexagonal crystals.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
513-78-0
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
208-168-9
RTECS
FF9320000
RTECS class
Tumorigen; Mutagen
UN (DOT)
2570
Merck
12,1652
Beilstein/Gmelin
32580 (G)
RCRA
D006
EPA OPP
12901
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-7917
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
CCdO3
Formula mass
172.41
Melting point, °C
357
Density
5.3 g/cm3
Solubility in water
Insoluble

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep containers tightly closed. Store in a cool, dry area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Do not ingest or inhale. Do not breathe dust.
Protection
Eyes: Wear safety glasses and chemical goggles if splashing is possible. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves and clothing to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Respirators
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Small spills/leaks
Sweep up, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Cadmium fumes.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
Fire potential
Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes.
Hazards
Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
2
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
NIOSH: Potential Occupational Carcinogen.
Carcinogin
O, G-A2, I-1, N-1, CP65
Poison_Class
1
Exposure effects
Cadmium and compounds may cause lung, liver and kidney damage and lung and prostrate cancer in humans. Potential cancer hazard. Inhalation over a number of years results in chronic cadmium poisoning , a disease characterized by distinctive, nonhypertrophic emphysema wi th or without renal tubular injury. Long term exposure may also cause anemia, chronic rhinitis, yellow discoloration of the teeth and bone changes.
   Ingestion
Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal cramps and salivation, headache, muscular cramps, vertigo and perhaps convulsions. Exhaustion, collapse, shock and death may occur usually within a period of 24 hrs if untreated. The gradual evolution of signs and symptoms of liver and kidney damage should be anticipated but are rarely seen.
   Inhalation
Harmful if inhaled. Causes metallic taste in mouth, headache, shortness of breath, chest p ain, cough with foamy or bloody sputum, pulmonary rales and related ph ysical signs, weakness, leg pains. May cause asphyxial death from int ense pulmonary edema. Gradual resolution of pulmonary edema occurs ov er a period of a few days and development of fever with persistence of cough, chest pain and dyspnea lasts for one or more weeks. Late kidn ey and/or liver damage has followed respiratory exposures.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
   Inhalation
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Do not use mouth-to-mouth respiration if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
UN number
2570
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
CDY