Cadmium chloride

  • Caddy
  • Vi-cad
  • Cadmium dichloride
Formula
CdCl2
Structure
Description
Odorless, white crystalline solid.
Uses
Medication (vet).

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
10108-64-2
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
233-296-7
EC Index Number
048-008-00-3
EC Class
Carcinogenic Category 2; Mutagenic Category 2; Toxic for reproduction Category 2; Very toxic; Toxic; Dangerous for the Environment
RTECS
EV0175000
RTECS class
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Tumorigen; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Human Data
UN (DOT)
2570
Merck
12,1653
Beilstein/Gmelin
18383 (G)
RCRA
D006
EPA OPP
12902
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-1983
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
CdCl2
Formula mass
183.31
Melting point, °C
565
Boiling point, °C
967
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.055 (480 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
6.3
Odor Threshold Odor threshold Odorless
Density
4.05 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
1400 g/L
Viscosity
1.56 cp (800 C)
Thermal expansion
0.000073/K
Heat of fusion
22.20 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not store in direct sunlight. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Do not get on skin or in eyes. Do not ingest or inhale.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear impervious gloves. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Wear a self contained breathing apparatus and appropriate Personal protection. (See Exposure Controls, Personal Protection section). Avoid generating dusty conditions. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Incompatibilities
Bromine trifluoride, hydrogen azide, oxidizers, potassium, selenium, tellurium, zinc.
Decomposition
Irritating and toxic fumes and gases, cadmium fumes, chloride fumes.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Water runoff can cause environmental damage. Dike and collect water used to fight fire. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use extinguishing media appropriate to the surrounding fire. Dusts may be combustible when exposed to heat, flame, or oxidizing agents. Extinguishing media: Do NOT get water inside containers. For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or water spray. For large fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, alcohol-resistant foam, or water spray.
Fire potential
This material is nonflammable
Hazards
Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
2
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
TLV: ppm; 0.01 mg/m3 (as TWA) (as Cd); total dust A2 (ACGIH 1993-1994). TLV (as TWA): ppm; 0.002 mg/m3 (as Cd); respirable dust A2 (ACGIH 1993-1994).
Carcinogin
O, G-A2, I-1, N-1, CP65
Poison_Class
1
Exposure effects
May cause respiratory tract cancer. Prolonged or repeated exposure may cause permanent bone structure abnormalities. May cause liver and kidney damage. Chronic inhalation may cause nasal septum ulceration and perforation. Chronic inhalation of cadmium compounds has been associated with lung and prostrate cancer.
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Exposure may cause severe swelling of face and neck areas with possible death.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. Irritation may lead to chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema. May cause ulceration and perforation of the nasal septum if inhaled in excessive quantities. May cause pulmonary fibrosis and permanent damage.
   Skin
Exposure may cause irritation and possible burns.
   Eyes
Exposure to the substance as an aqueous solution may cause irritation and corneal abnormalities.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
   Skin
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
UN number
2570
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
CDC
 
Std. Transport #
4962505