Cadmium stearate

  • Alaixol 11
  • Aadmium distearate
  • Cadmium octadecanoate
  • Cadmium soap
Formula
(C18H36O2)2.Cd
Structure
Uses
Lubricant and stabilizer in plastics.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
2223-93-0
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
218-743-6
RTECS
RG1050000
RTECS class
Tumorigen; Human Data
UN (DOT)
2570
Beilstein/Gmelin
375599
Beilstein Reference
4-02-00-01206
RCRA
D006
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-4599
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C23H26N6O4
Formula mass
679.46
Melting point, °C
134

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Dispensers of liquid detergent should be available. In the laboratory, gloves and protective clothing should always be worn but should not be assumed to provide full protection. Carefully fitted masks or respirators may be necessary when working with particulates or gases, and disposable plastic aprons might provide additional protection. Protective clothing should be of distinctive color, as a reminder not to be worn outside the laboratory.
Respirators
Self contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece operated in pressure demand, or other positive pressure mode or a combination respirator which includes a type-c supplied air respirator with a full facepiece operated in pressure demand, or other positive pressure, or continuous flow mode, and an auxillary self contained breathing apparatus operated in pressure demand or other positive pressure mode.
Small spills/leaks
(Non-Specific -- Cadmium Compounds) Do not touch spilled material. Stay upwind; keep out of low areas. Take up small spills with sand or other noncombustible absorbent material and place into containers for later disposal. Take up small, dry spills with clean shovel and place into clean, dry container. Dike far ahead of large spills for later disposal.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Avoid contact with strong oxidizers, elemental sulfur, selenium, and tellurium.

Fire.
Fire fighting
(Non-Specific -- Cadmium Compound) Keep upwind; keep out of low areas. Wear self-contained (positive pressure if available) breathing apparatus and full protective clothing.(Non-Specific -- Cadmium Compound) For small fires, use dry chemicals, carbon dioxide, water spray, or foam. For large fires, use water spray, fog, or foam.
Fire potential
Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes.
Hazards
It emits acrid smoke when heated to decomposition.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
IDHL: NIOSH recommends that cadmium dust be regulated as a potential human
Carcinogin
O, G-A2, I-1, N-1, CP65
Poison_Class
2
Exposure effects
Inhalation of cadmium fumes can cause cadmium fume fever with headache, vertigo, and shivering. Systemic effects from inhalation may include hallucinations or distorted perceptions. Low birth weights have been reported in one occupational study. Embryo- and fetotoxicity have been reported in rats and mice. Cadmium is a suspected male reproductive hazard.
   Ingestion
Nausea, vomiting, and abdominal and substernal pain occur following acute oral ingestion. Salivation or dry mouth have been reported. Ileus has been noted in experimental animals.
   Inhalation
Cough, dyspnea, and tightness in the chest be delayed in onset after exposure. A flu-like condition similar to metal fume fever (cadmium pneumonitis) may develop. Severe and potentially fatal pulmonary edema may develop. Death may occur within one week. Nonlethal exposures may cause residual effects of pulmonary fibrosis.
   Skin
Dermal uptake of cadmium stearate has been demonstrated in several animal species, but not in man.
   Eyes
See Inhalation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Seek medical assistance.
   Inhalation
Move patient to fresh air. Monitor for respiratory distress. If cough or difficulty breathing develops, evaluate for respiratory tract irritation, bronchitis, or pneumonitis. Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required. Treat bronchospasm with beta2 agonist and corticosteroid aerosols.
   Skin
Remove contaminated clothing and wash exposed area thoroughly with soap and water. A physician should examine the area if irritation or pain persists. Note: see treatment of dermal exposure in the main body of this document for complete information.
   Eyes
Irrigate exposed eyes with copious amounts of tepid water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia persist, the patient should be seen in a health care facility. Note: see treatment of eye exposure in the main body of this document for complete information.

Transport.
UN number
2570
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
CDS