Silver-white, blue-tinged, lustrous, odorless, solid.
In electroplating of automotive, aircraft & electronic parts, marine equipment & industrial machinery, in prepn of cadmium sulfides, cadmium selenides & mixt containing these salts for use as pigments (incl phosphors).
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
R 49 E20/21/22
S 53 22 36/37 45
Tumorigen; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Human Data
Swiss Giftliste 1
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
1.5E-11 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
8.642 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
1.5E-5/K (20 C)
Heat of fusion
Heat of vaporization
Hazards and Protection.
Keep away from heat and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Do not expose to air. Store under an inert atmosphere.
Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash hands before eating. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Do not breathe dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Do not ingest or inhale. Handle under an inert atmosphere. Store protected from air. Use only in a chemical fume hood. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. Place under an inert atmosphere.
Oxidizes when exposed to air. Easily tarnishes in moist air. Powder or liquid is pyrophoric.
Air, nitric acid, hydrochloric acid, hydrazoic acid, nitryl fluoride, ammonium nitrate, zinc, oxidizing agents, acids, hydrogen azide, potassium, sulfur, selenium, tellurium, metals, carbonates, cyanides (e.g. potassium cyanide, sodium cyanide), hydroxides, reducing agents (strong, e.g. aluminum carbide, chlorosilane, hydrogen phosphide, lithium hydride).
Nitrogen oxides, toxic cadmium oxide fumes.
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Dust can be an explosion hazard when exposed to heat or flame. Flammable solid. May burn rapidly with flare burning effect. May re-ignite after fire is extinguished. Dangerous fire hazard in the form of dust when exposed to heat or flame. Extinguishing media: Do NOT use water directly on fire. Use dry chemical to fight fire. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
Moderate - dust when exposed to heat a flame or by chemical reaction with oxidizing agents.
Flammable in powder form. Combustible.
When heated to a high temperature it emits toxic fumes of cadmium.
OSHA PEL: 1910.1027 TWA 0.005 mg/m3 NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A *Note: PEL and REL apply to all Cd compounds (as Cd). NIOSH IDLH: Potential occupational carcinogen 9 mg/m3 (as Cd)
O, G-A2, I-1, N-1, CP65
May cause respiratory tract cancer. Repeated inhalation may cause chronic bronchitis. Chronic inhalation may cause nasal septum ulceration and perforation. Cadmium and compounds may cause lung, liver and kidney damage and lung and prostrate cancer in humans. May cause loss of smell, emphysema, anemia, bone demineralization, and lung fibrosis.
Harmful if swallowed. May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Ingestion may produce fluid loss, acute renal failure, and cardiopulmonary depression.
May be fatal if inhaled. Inhalation of fumes may cause metal fume fever, which is characterized by flu-like symptoms with metallic taste, fever, chills, cough, weakness, chest pain, muscle pain and increased white blood cell count. Damage may be delayed. May cause nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, chest tightness, weakness, and delayed pulmonary edema. In humans inhalation causes proteinuria, an excess of protein in the urine.
Causes skin irritation.
Causes eye irritation.
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
I; II; III
USCG CHRIS Code
8107 20 00