Calcium chloride

  • Hydrophilite
Formula
CaCl2
Structure
Description
White, crystalline solid. Odorless. Solutions are clear to light yellow. Hygroscopic or deliquescent.
Uses
Pavement deicer.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
10043-52-4
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
233-140-8
EC Index Number
017-013-00-2
EC Class
Irritant
RTECS
EV9800000
RTECS class
Tumorigen; Mutagen; Human Data
Merck
13,1660
Beilstein/Gmelin
17127 (G)
EPA OPP
75605
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-4896
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
CaCl2
Formula mass
110.99
Melting point, °C
772
Boiling point, °C
1600
Density
2.174 g/cm3
Solubility in water
745 g/L
Thermal expansion
0.0000227/K
Heat of fusion
26.31 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization
235 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Store protected from moisture.
D2B
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Keep container tightly closed. Do not get on skin or in eyes. Do not ingest or inhale. Wash clothing before reuse.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear impervious gloves. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Disposal code
14
Stability
Stable under normal shipping and handling conditions.
Incompatibilities
Moisture.
Decomposition
Chlorine.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Fire control: Use water, dry chemical, carbon dioxide or foam to extinguish. Do not extinguish fire unless release can be stopped. Cool fire-exposed containers with water.
Fire potential
Nonflammable.
Health
2
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
-
Exposure effects
Effects may be delayed.
   Ingestion
May cause severe gastrointestinal tract irritation with nausea, vomiting and possible burns. May cause cardiac disturbances. May be harmful if swallowed. In very severe cases, seizures, rapid respiration, slow heartbeat, or death, may
   Inhalation
May cause severe irritation of the upper respiratory tract with pain, burns, and inflammation.
   Skin
Contact with skin causes irritation and possible burns, especially if the skin is wet or moist.
   Eyes
Contact with eyes may cause severe irritation, and possible eye burns.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
USCG CHRIS Code
CLC
 
HS Code
2827 20 00