- Calcium chromate(VI)
- Calcium chrome yellow
Calcium chromate is a yellow powder. (© AAR, 1999.
As pigment, manufacture of chromium, in oxidizing reactions.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
Carcinogenic Category 2; Harmful; Dangerous for the Environment
Tumorigen; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
Odor Threshold Odor threshold Odorless
3.12 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
< 0.1 g/L
Hazards and Protection.
Keep containers tightly closed in a well ventilated area away from food products. Keep away from heat and water.
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Build dikes to contain flow as necessary. Land spill: Dig a pit, pond, lagoon, holding area to contain liquid or solid material. Cover solids with a plastic sheet to prevent dissolving in rain or fire fighting water. Water spill: Add sodium bisulfite (NaHSO3). Neutralize with agricultural lime (CaO), crushed limestone (CaCO3), or sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3). Adjust pH to neutral (pH=7). Use mechanical dredges or lifts to remove immobilized masses of pollutants and precipitates.
Stable material trivalent chromium is the most stable oxidation state and hexavalent chromium is the second most stable state.
Reacts with acids and ethanol.
Extinguish fire using agent suitable for type of surrounding fire. (Material itself does not burn or burns with difficulty.)
Containers may explode when heated.
Toxic chromium fume may be formed in fires.
TLV: 0.025 ppm; 0.16 mg/m3 (ACGIH 1991-1992). NIOSH REL: Ca 0.001 mg Cr(VI)/m3 See Appendix A See Appendix C NIOSH IDLH: Potential occupational carcinogen
G-A2, I-1, N-1, CP65
Hepatic encephalopathy, cerebral edema, and coma may occur. Both trivalent and hexavalent chromium have been found to cross the placental barrier in hamsters and mice. Both were shown to enter the fetus during mid to late gestation. Developmental effects caused by both differed between hamster and mice. Fetal uptake of hexavalent chromium was much greater than that of the trivalent form. Effects on placental tissue could have also affected the fetus.
Gastroenteritis and hemorrhage frequently occur immediately following oral ingestion.
Pulmonary edema, pneumoconiosis, metal fume fever, and bronchial asthma may occur.
Deep perforating ulcers and hypersensitivity dermatitis may be noted. Systemic toxicity has resulted from minimal dermal exposure.
Oral burns and severe corneal injury may result from acute exposure. Chronic inhalation produces deep perforating nasal ulcers (chrome holes).
Seek medical assistance.
IMMEDIATELY leave the contaminated area; take deep breaths of fresh air. IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used.
IMMEDIATELY flood affected skin with water while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. Gently wash all affected skin areas thoroughly with soap and water. IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim to a hospital for treatment after washing the affected areas.
First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.
USCG CHRIS Code
Std. Transport #