(+)-Camptothecin

  • 20(S)-Camptothecine
  • 1H-Pyrano[3',4':6,7]indolizino[1,2-b]quinoline-3,14(4H,12H)-dione, 4-ethyl-4-hydroxy-, (4S)-
Formula
C20H16N2O4
Structure
Description
Yellow to brown solid. A quinoline-based alkaloid found in the bark of Chinese camptotheca trees.
Uses
Chemotherapeutic agent.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
7689-03-4
RTECS
UQ0492000
RTECS class
Drug; Mutagen; Natural Product
Merck
12,1783
Beilstein/Gmelin
631069

Properties.
Formula
C20H16N2O4
Formula mass
348.36
Melting point, °C
275-277
Decomposition point, °C
264
Solubility in water
Insoluble
pKa/pKb
11.02 (pKa)
Partition coefficient, pKow
1.48

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash hands before eating. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear a chemical apron.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
264
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Extinguishing media: Use water spray, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Ingestion of large amounts may cause gastrointestinal irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
   Skin
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.