Caprylyl peroxide

  • Octanoyl peroxide
  • Di-n-octanoyl peroxide
  • Bis(1-oxooctyl)peroxide
  • Dioctanoyl peroxide
  • Perkadox SE 8
  • Peroyl O
Formula
C16H30O4
Structure
Description
Straw-colored liquid; sharp odor.
Uses
Initiator for suspension or mass polymerization of vinyl chloride monomers.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
762-16-3
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
212-094-2
UN (DOT)
2129
Beilstein/Gmelin
1794628
Beilstein Reference
4-02-00-00992
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C16H30O4
Formula mass
286.41
Melting point, °C
29
Boiling point, °C
309
Critical temperature
461
Critical pressure
12.7
Density
0.9275 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Refractive index
1.4363 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
6.26

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Respirators
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Small spills/leaks
ELIMINATE all ignition sources (no smoking, flares, sparks or flames in immediate area). Keep combustibles (wood, paper, oil, etc.) away from spilled material. Do not touch or walk through spilled material. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. SMALL SPILLS: Take up with inert, damp, noncombustible material using clean non-sparking tools and place into loosely covered plastic containers for later disposal.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Organic compounds can ignite on contact with concentrated peroxides, strongly reduced material such as sulfides, nitrides, and hydrides

Fire.
Fire fighting
The temperature of the substance must be maintained at or below the Control Temperature at all times. SMALL FIRES: Water spray or fog is preferred; if water not available use dry chemical, carbon dioxide or regular foam. LARGE FIRES: Flood fire area with water from a distance. Use water spray or fog; do not use straight streams. Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk. Do not move cargo or vehicle if cargo has been exposed to heat. Fight fire from maximum distance or use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. BEWARE OF POSSIBLE CONTAINER EXPLOSION. ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire. For massive fire, use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles; if this is impossible, withdraw from area and let fire burn.
Fire potential
May explode from heat, contamination or loss of temperature control. Particularly sensitive to temperature rises.
Hazards
Sensitive to temperature rises. Above a given Control Temperature they decompose violently and catch fire. May ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). May ignite spontaneously if exposed to air. May be ignited by heat, sparks or flames. May burn rapidly with flare-burning effect. Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
 
Special
O

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Burns of the esophagus and less commonly the stomach may occur after caustic ingestion; the absence of oral mucosal injury does not reliably exclude esophageal burns. Patients with stridor, drooling or vomiting are more likely to have esophageal burns.
   Inhalation
Stridor, dyspnea, upper airway injury, and pulmonary edema, especially following inhalation of vaporized caustics, may occur.
   Skin
Severe skin irritation and/or burns may occur.
   Eyes
See Inhalation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Mucosal if no respiratory compromise is present, dilute immediately with milk or water; no more than 8 ounces in adults and 4 ounces in children. Gastric ipecac contraindicated. Consider insertion of a small, flexible nasogastric or orogastric tube to suction gastric contents after recent large ingestions; the risk of further mucosal injury must be weighed against potential benefits.
   Inhalation
Move patient to fresh air. Monitor for respiratory distress. If cough or difficulty breathing develops, evaluate for respiratory tract irritation, bronchitis, or pneumonitis. Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required. Treat bronchospasm with beta2 agonist and corticosteroid aerosols.
   Skin
Remove contaminated clothes. Irrigate exposed skin with copious amounts of water for at least 15 minutes or longer, depending on concentration, amount and duration of exposure to the chemical. A physician may need to examine the area if irritation or pain persist.
   Eyes
Home irrigation - exposed eyes should be irrigated with copious amounts of water for at least 30 minutes. An examination should always be performed. Ophthalmologic consultation should be obtained. Medical facility: irrigate with sterile 0.9% Saline for at least an hour or until the cul-de-sacs are free of particulate matter and returned to neutrality (confirm with pH paper).

Transport.
UN number
2129
Response guide
Hazard class
5.2