Cerium(III) chloride

  • Cerous chloride
  • Cerium trichloride
Formula
CeCl3
Structure
Description
White hexagonal crystals
Uses
Used in production of Ce and Ce salts.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
7790-86-5
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
232-227-8
36/37/38
RTECS
FK5075000
RTECS class
Mutagen
Merck
13,2008
Beilstein/Gmelin
1828 (G)
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
CeCl3
Formula mass
246.47
Melting point, °C
848
Density
3.193 g/cm3
Refractive index
1.467 (20 C)
Heat of fusion
54.0 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep tightly closed.
Protection
Compatible chemical-resistant gloves. Chemical safety goggles.
Respirators
Government approved respirator.
Small spills/leaks
Sweep up, place in a bag and hold for waste disposal. Avoid raising dust. Ventilate area and wash spill site after material pickup is complete.
Stability
Stable at normal temperatures and pressures. Protect from moisture.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents, Strong acids.
Decomposition
Nature of decomposition products not known.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Extinguish using Water spray. Carbon dioxide, dry chemical powder, or appropriate foam. Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and protective clothing to prevent contact with skin and eyes.
Hazards
Emits toxic fumes under fire conditions.
Health
2
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
1
 

Health.
Exposure effects
Irritant. Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin.
   Ingestion
May be harmful if swallowed.
   Inhalation
Material is irritating to mucous membranes and upper respiratory tract. May be harmful if inhaled.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation. May be harmful if absorbed through the skin.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If swallowed, wash out mouth with water provided person is conscious. Call a physician.
   Inhalation
If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
   Skin
In case of contact, immediately wash skin with soap and copious amounts of water.
   Eyes
In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with copious amounts of water for at least 15 minutes.

Transport.