Chloromethyl ethyl ether

  • Chloromethoxyethane
  • Ethoxychloromethane
  • Ethyl chloromethyl ether
  • Ethoxymethyl chloride
Formula
C3H7ClO
Structure
Description
A colorless liquid.
Uses
Chloromethyl ethyl ether has been listed as a compound with no specific industrial manufacture or use.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
3188-13-4
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
221-687-5
UN (DOT)
2354
Beilstein/Gmelin
906702
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-03047
RCRA
U046
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C3H7ClO
Formula mass
94.54
Melting point, °C
-98
Boiling point, °C
82
Vapor pressure, mmHg
10 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
3.26
Critical temperature
554
Critical pressure
41.1
Density
1.0188 g/cm3 (15 C)
Solubility in water
Soluble
Refractive index
1.4015 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
0.95

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Flammables-area.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
Stability
No information found.
Incompatibilities
May react violently with strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
19
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Water may be ineffective. Material is lighter than water and a fire may be spread by the use of water. Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flame. Containers may explode if exposed to fire. Extinguishing media: Water may be ineffective. Water may spread fire. If water is the only media available, use in flooding amounts. Do NOT use straight streams of water. For small fires, use carbon dioxide, dry chemical, dry sand, or alcohol-resistant foam.
Fire potential
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion and poison hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. May polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.
Combustion products
Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
2
 
Flammability
2
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure effects
May cause liver and kidney damage. May cause bone marrow abnormalities with damage to blood forming tissues. Effects may be delayed.
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause liver and kidney damage. May cause cardiac disturbances. Ingestion of large amounts may cause CNS depression. May cause bone marrow damage.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. May cause liver and kidney damage. Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. May cause cardiac abnormalities. Exposure may produce metabolic acidosis. Inhalation at high concentrations may cause CNS depression and asphixiation. May cause burning sensation in the chest.
   Skin
May cause irritation and dermatitis. May cause cyanosis of the extremities.
   Eyes
Produces irritation, characterized by a burning sensation, redness, tearing, inflammation, and possible corneal injury. Lachrymator. May cause chemical conjunctivitis and corneal damage.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid. Do NOT allow victim to rub or keep eyes closed.

Transport.
UN number
2354
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
II
 
Std. Transport #
4907413