Chloropromazine monohydrochloride

  • Aminazin monohydrochloride
  • Phenothiazine, 2-chloro-10-(3-(dimethylamino)propyl)-, monohydrochloride
  • 2-Chloro-10-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)phenothiazine monohydrochloride
Formula
C17H19N2S . HCl
Structure
Description
White or creamy-white odorless crystalline powder with very bitter taste.
Uses
neuroleptic drug

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
69-09-0
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
200-701-3
RTECS
SO1750000
RTECS class
Drug; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Human Data
Beilstein/Gmelin
3779989
Beilstein Reference
4-27-00-01300
EPA OPP
600006
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C17H19ClN2S.ClH
Formula mass
355.33
Melting point, °C
170
Surface tension
56 g/s2 (25 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
5.10

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Chemical splash goggles in compliance with OSHA regulations are advised; however, OSHA regulations also permit other type safety glasses. Whre chemical resistant gloves. To prevent repeated or prolonged skin contact, wear impervious clothing and boots.
Respirators
Wear a NIOSH-approved half face respirator equipped with a combination filter cartridge, i.e. organic vapor/acid gas/HEPA (specific for organic vapors, HCl, acid gas, SO2 and a high efficiency particulate filter).
Small spills/leaks
If you spill this chemical, you should dampen the solid spill material with water, then transfer the dampened material to a suitable container. Use absorbent paper dampened with water to pick up any remaining material. Seal your contaminated clothing and the absorbent paper in a vapor-tight plastic bag for eventual disposal. Wash all contaminated surfaces with a soap and water solution. Do not reenter the contaminated area until the Safety Officer (or other responsible person) has verified that the area has been properly cleaned.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Incompatible in aqueous solution with sodium salts of barbiturates and other alkaline solutions.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Fires involving this material can be controlled with a dry chemical, carbon dioxide or Halon extinguisher.
Fire potential
This material is probably combustible.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
See inhalation.
   Inhalation
This compound can cause severe dermatitis in sensitized persons. It may also cause drowsiness, dryness of mouth, nasal congestion, postural hypotension, lowering of body temperature, tachycardia, arrhythmias, agitation, insomnia, depression, miosis and mydriasis, convulsions, photosensitivity, skin rashes, inhibition of ejaculation, obstructive jaundice, chronic constipation, urinary retention, various hematological disorders, allergic reactions, development of purple pigmentation in exposed skin, deposition of pigment in eyes and altered endocrine functions. It reduces the efficiency of heat regulation such that individuals tend to acquire the temperature of the environment. It also reduces salivary and gastric secretion. It may cause extra-pyramidal effects and sedative (neuroletic) effects which cause suppression of spontaneous movement and complex movements while spinal reflexes and unconditioned nociceptive-avoidance behaviors remain intact.
   Skin
See inhalation.
   Eyes
See inhalation

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If the victim is conscious and not convulsing, give 1 or 2 glasses of water to dilute the chemical and IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center. MMEDIATELY transport the victim to a hospital.
   Inhalation
IMMEDIATELY leave the contaminated area; take deep breaths of fresh air. IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used.
   Skin
IMMEDIATELY flood affected skin with water while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. Gently wash all affected skin areas thoroughly with soap and water. If symptoms such as redness or irritation develop, IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital for treatment.
   Eyes
First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.

Transport.