Citronellol

  • Cephrol
  • 2,6-Dimethyl-2-octen-8-ol
Formula
(CH3)2C=CH(CH2)2CH(CH3)(CH2)2OH
Structure
Description
Colorless liquid with a rose-like odor.
Uses
Substance is used in as an aroma for perfumes.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
106-22-9
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
203-375-0
R 36/38
RTECS
RH3400000
RTECS class
Natural Product; Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
1986
Merck
13,2354
Beilstein/Gmelin
1721507
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-02188
EPA OPP
167004
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-5599
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C10H20O
Formula mass
156.27
Boiling point, °C
222
Vapor pressure, mmHg
93 (4 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
5.4
Density
0.8642 g/cm3 (15 C)
Solubility in water
Slightly soluble
Refractive index
1.462 (15 C)
Heat of vaporization
66.15 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Keep container closed when not in use. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use only in a well ventilated area. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
Disposal code
1
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Oxidizing agents
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, acrid smoke and fumes.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
102
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Combustible Liquid. Containers may explode when heated. To extinguish fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam.
Fire potential
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion and poison hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Combustion products
Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
1
 
Flammability
2
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
4
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause irritation of the digestive tract.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation.
   Skin
Causes severe skin irritation.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
UN number
1986
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
20. Alcohols. Glycols
HS Code
2905 22 10