Codeine phosphate

  • (-)-Codeine phosphate
  • Codeine phosphate (1:1)
  • Galcodine
  • Tricodein
  • Morphinan-6-ol, 7,8-didehydro-4,5-epoxy-3-methoxy-17-methyl-, (5a,6a)-, phosphate (1:1) (salt)
  • Morphinan-6a-ol, 7,8-didehydro-4,5a-epoxy-3-methoxy-17-methyl-, phosphate (1:1) (salt)
Formula
C18H24NO7P
Structure
Description
Colorless small crystals or white powder. Odorless. Bitter taste.
Uses
Opiate pain killer.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
52-28-8
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
200-137-8
RTECS
QD1310000
RTECS class
Drug; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Human Data
Merck
12,2528
Beilstein/Gmelin
3845132
Beilstein Reference
4-27-00-02228
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C18H21NO3*H3O4P
Formula mass
397.36
Melting point, °C
220
Decomposition point, °C
220-235

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Chemical splash goggles in compliance with OSHA regulations are advised; however, OSHA regulations also permit other type safety glasses. Whre chemical resistant gloves. To prevent repeated or prolonged skin contact, wear impervious clothing and boots.
Respirators
Wear a NIOSH-approved half face respirator equipped with an organic vapor/acid gas cartridge (specific for organic vapors, HCl, acid gas and SO2) with a dust/mist filter.
Small spills/leaks
If you spill this chemical, you should dampen the solid spill material with water, then transfer the dampened material to a suitable container. Use absorbent paper dampened with water to pick up any remaining material. Seal your contaminated clothing and the absorbent paper in a vapor-tight plastic bag for eventual disposal. Wash all contaminated surfaces with a soap and water solution. Do not reenter the contaminated area until the Safety Officer (or other responsible person) has verified that the area has been properly cleaned.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Sensitive to exposure to light Reacts as acid to neutralize bases.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Fires involving this material can be controlled with a dry chemical, carbon dioxide or Halon extinguisher.
Fire potential
This material is probably combustible.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
See inhalation.
   Inhalation
Symptoms of exposure to this compound include dryness of the mouth, nose and throat, urticaria, drug rash, anaphylactic shock, photosensitivity, excessive perspiration, chills, hypotension, headache, palpitations, tachycardia, extrasystoles, hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, agranulocytosis, sedation, sleepiness, dizziness, disturbed coordination, fatigue, confusion, restlessness, tremor, irritability, excitation, anxiety, nervousness, insomnia euphoria, paresthesias, blurred vision, diplopia, acute labyrinthitis, tinnitus, hysteria, neuritis, convulsions, central nervous system depression, hallucinations, epigastric distress, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, change in urinary frequency, difficult urination, urinary retention, early menses, thickening of bronchial secretions, tightness of chest, wheezing, nasal stuffiness, respiratory depression, psychic dependence and physical dependence.
   Skin
See inhalation.
   Eyes
See inhalation

First aid
 
   Ingestion
DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. If the victim is conscious and not convulsing, give 1 or 2 glasses of water to dilute the chemical and IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center. Be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital if advised by a physician.
   Inhalation
IMMEDIATELY leave the contaminated area; take deep breaths of fresh air. If symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop, call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used.
   Skin
IMMEDIATELY flood affected skin with water while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. Gently wash all affected skin areas thoroughly with soap and water. If symptoms such as redness or irritation develop, IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital for treatment.
   Eyes
First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.

Transport.