Cyclopropanecarbonitrile

  • Cyclopropyl cyanide
  • Cyclopropylnitrile
  • Cyanocyclopropane
Formula
C4H5N
Structure
Description
Clear colorless to faint yellow liquid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
5500-21-0
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
226-836-8
EC Class
flammable, toxic
R 10 23/24/25 36/37/38
S 26 36/37/39 45
UN (DOT)
2929
Beilstein/Gmelin
635790
Beilstein Reference
4-09-00-00005
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C4H5N
Formula mass
67.09
Melting point, °C
-25
Boiling point, °C
133
Vapor pressure, mmHg
8 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
2.31
Density
0.911 g/cm3 (16 C)
Solubility in water
Very soluble
Refractive index
1.4229 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
-0.08
Heat of vaporization
41.9 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Flammables-area. Keep containers tightly closed.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use only in a well ventilated area. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Do not get on skin and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Do not ingest or inhale. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves and clothing to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Small spills/leaks
Cover with sand, dry lime or soda ash and place in a closed container for disposal. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents, strong acids, strong bases.
Decomposition
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
32
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Will burn if involved in a fire. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Extinguishing media: Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Water may be ineffective. Do NOT use straight streams of water. In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
Fire potential
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion and poison hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Combustion products
Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
3
 
Flammability
3
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure effects
Effects may be delayed.
   Ingestion
Harmful if swallowed. May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. Ingestion of large amounts may cause CNS depression.
   Inhalation
The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Harmful if inhaled. May cause burning sensation in the chest.
   Skin
Harmful if absorbed through the skin. May cause irritation and dermatitis. May cause cyanosis of the extremities.
   Eyes
May cause chemical conjunctivitis and corneal damage.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
   Inhalation
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Do not use mouth-to-mouth respiration if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device.
   Skin
Get medical aid immediately. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
UN number
2929
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
I; II
 
HS Code
2926 90 95