Cystamine dihydrochloride

  • AEDEthylamine, 2,2'-dithiobis-, dihydrochloride
  • 2-Aminoethyl disulfide dihydrochloride
  • Ethanamine, 2,2'-dithiobis-, dihydrochloride
  • 2,2'-Dithio-bis-(ethylamine) dihydrochloride
Formula
[H2NCH2CH2SSCH2CH2NH2].2HCl
Structure
Description
White solid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
56-17-7
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
200-260-7
S 22 36/37
RTECS
KR7260000
RTECS class
Drug; Reproductive Effector
Merck
13,2806
Beilstein/Gmelin
3616850
Beilstein Reference
4-04-00-01577
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C4H14Cl2N2S2
Formula mass
225.20
Solubility in water
Soluble

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep container closed when not in use. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Store protected from moisture.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use only in a well ventilated area. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Respirators
Wear a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved full-facepiece airline respirator in the positive pressure mode with emergency escape provisions. Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Sweep up, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Disposal code
3
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Acids, bases.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride, nitrogen oxides, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, chloride fumes.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. To extinguish fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation. The toxicological properties of this material have not been fully investigated.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Get medical aid if irritation or symptoms occur.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
   Skin
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. If irritation develops, get medical aid.

Transport.
HS Code
2930 90 70