cis-1,3-Dichloropropylene

  • (Z)-1,3-Dichloropropene
Formula
C3H4Cl2
Structure
Description
Colorless to amber liquid with a sweetish odor.
Uses
Soil fumigant, nematicide.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
10061-01-5
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
233-195-8
EC Index Number
602-030-00-5
EC Class
Flammable; Toxic; Harmful; Irritant; Sensitising; Dangerous for the Environment
RTECS
UC8325000
RTECS class
Tumorigen; Mutagen
UN (DOT)
2047
Beilstein/Gmelin
1719557
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-00743
RCRA
U084
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C3H4Cl2
Formula mass
110.97
Melting point, °C
-95
Boiling point, °C
104.3
Vapor pressure, mmHg
43
Vapor density (air=1)
1.4
Critical temperature
319
Critical pressure
42.3
Density
1.225 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
<0.1 g /100 ml
Refractive index
1.4705 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
2.05

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Outside or detached storage is preferred. Inside storage should be in a standard flammable liquids storage warehouse, room, or cabinet. Separate from oxidizing materials and active metals.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Respirators
When working with this chemical, wear a NIOSH-approved full face chemical cartridge respirator equipped with the appropriate organic vapor cartridges. If that is not available, a half face respirator similarly equipped plus airtight goggles can be substituted. However, please note that half face respirators provide a substantially lower level of protection than do full face respirators.
Small spills/leaks
If you spill this chemical, FIRST REMOVE ALL SOURCES OF IGNITION. Then, use absorbent paper to pick up all liquid spill material. Your contaminated clothing and absorbent paper should be sealed in a vapor-tight plastic bag for eventual disposal. Solvent wash all contaminated surfaces with 60-70% ethanol followed by washing with a soap and water solution. Do not reenter the contaminated area until the Safety Officer (or other responsible person) has verified that the area has been properly cleaned.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Sensitive to light Reacts with aluminum, aluminum alloys, other active metals and some metal salts and halogens Can react vigorously with oxidizing materials.
Decomposition
Oxides of carbon, hydrogen chloride.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
24
Fire fighting
Fires involving this compound can be controlled using a dry chemical, carbon dioxide or Halon extinguisher.
Fire potential
Flammable liquid.
Hazards
Flash point data for this chemical are not available, however this material is flammable.
Combustion products
Combustion may produce irritants and toxic gases.

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
OEL-GERMANY;Carcinogen
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause toxic effects.
   Inhalation
Ards has been reported after ingestion. Animals exposed to 2700 ppm developed severe lung injury.
   Skin
Necrosis and edema were present when the agent was confined to rabbit skin, but were much reduced when the product was allowed to evaporate.
   Eyes
Prompt washing decreased the degree of irritation. Nasal irritation also occurred at concentrations greater than 1000 ppm.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. If the victim is conscious and not convulsing, give 1 or 2 glasses of water to dilute the chemical and IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center. Be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital if advised by a physician.
   Inhalation
IMMEDIATELY leave the contaminated area; take deep breaths of fresh air. If symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop, call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used.
   Skin
IMMEDIATELY flood affected skin with water while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. Gently wash all affected skin areas thoroughly with soap and water. If symptoms such as redness or irritation develop, IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital for treatment.
   Eyes
First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.

Transport.
UN number
2047
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
II; III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
CLF
 
36 Halogenated hydrocarbons