D(+)-Camphor

  • Alcanfor
  • 2-Camphanone
  • (+)-2-Bornanone
Formula
C10H16O
Structure
Description
Colorless or white crystals. Penetrating aromatic odor. Pungent, aromatic taste followed by a sensation of cold.
Uses
Used in acne medications, cough remedies, ear drops, and other medications where its ability to soothe the skin helps it to undo the effects of other ingredients that might otherwise be irritants

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
464-49-3
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
207-355-2
EC Class
highly flammable, irritant
R 11 22 36/38
S 16 26 36/37/39
RTECS
EX1260000
RTECS class
Reproductive Effector; Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
2717
Merck
13,1739
Beilstein/Gmelin
2042745
Beilstein Reference
4-07-00-00213
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C10H16O
Formula mass
152.24
Melting point, °C
174 - 175
Boiling point, °C
408
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.5 (19 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
5.24
Density
0.9920 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Slightly soluble
Refractive index
1.5462 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
2.13
Heat of fusion
64.48 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization
64.4 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion
-5921 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not store in direct sunlight. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash hands before eating. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use only in a well ventilated area. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Very fine particles can cause a fire or explosion. Eliminate all ignition sources. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Scoop up with a nonsparking tool, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Oxidizing agents
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
64
Autoignition, °C
460
Upper exp. limit, %
4.5
Lower exp. limit, %
0.6
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Dusts at sufficient concentrations can form explosive mixtures with air. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Material will burn in a fire. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Flammable solid. Material is shock sensitive and potentially explosive. Greatly increases the burning rate of combustible materials. Extinguishing media: Do NOT use water directly on fire. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire. For large fires, use water spray, fog or regular foam. For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, sand, earth, water spray or regular foam. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water.
Fire potential
This chemical is combustible.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating and/or toxic gases.
Health
0
 
Flammability
2
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
3 (Strong toxins)
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause tremors and convulsions. May cause central nervous system effects.
   Inhalation
Causes respiratory tract irritation.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation. Prolonged and/or repeated contact may cause irritation and/or dermatitis.
   Eyes
Causes severe eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
UN number
2717
Response guide
Hazard class
4.1
Packing Group
III
 
HS Code
2914 21 00