D-Erythrose

  • D-(-)-Erythrose
  • Butanal, 2,3,4-trihydroxy-, (2R,3R)-
Formula
C4H8O4
Structure
Description
Colorless paste.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
583-50-6
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
209-505-2
Merck
13,3724
Beilstein/Gmelin
1721698
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-04172
Austrailia AICS
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C4H8O4
Formula mass
120.10
Melting point, °C
56
Boiling point, °C
276
Critical temperature
426
Critical pressure
64.6
Solubility in water
Very soluble
Refractive index
1.50 (20 C)
pKa/pKb
12.49 (pKa)
Partition coefficient, pKow
-2.17

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a dry area. Refrigerator (approx 4 C).
Handling
Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear chemical goggles. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear a chemical apron.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Get medical aid. Wash mouth out with water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
   Skin
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.