D-(-)-Fructose

  • arabino-Hexulose
  • Fruit sugar
  • Nevulose
  • Levulose
Formula
C6H12O6
Structure
Description
White crystals.
Uses
To prevent sandiness in ice cream.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
57-48-7
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
200-333-3
RTECS
LS7120000
RTECS class
Other
Merck
13,4295
Beilstein/Gmelin
1239004
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-04401
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C6H12O6
Formula mass
180.16
Melting point, °C
100 - 110
Boiling point, °C
552
Vapor pressure, mmHg
2E-14 (25 C)
Density
1.459 g/cm3 (100 C)
Solubility in water
375 g/L (20 C)
Surface tension
7283 g/s2 (100 C)
Refractive index
1.5101 (109 C)
pKa/pKb
11.86 (pKa)
Partition coefficient, pKow
-1.63
Heat of vaporization
95.7 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion
-2813 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Incompatibilities
Oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
301
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Extinguishing media: Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire. In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
Health
0
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
F (Not subject to toxicity classification)
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Low hazard for usual industrial handling.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. Low hazard for usual industrial handling.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid if irritation or symptoms occur.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
   Skin
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. If irritation develops, get medical aid.

Transport.
USCG CHRIS Code
FRT
 
HS Code
1702 50 00