D-(+)-Glucose

  • a-D-Glucopyranose
  • a-Dextrose
Formula
C6H12O6
Structure
Description
White, crystalline powder.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
492-62-6
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
207-757-8
Merck
13,4472
Beilstein/Gmelin
1281608
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-04304
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C6H12O6
Formula mass
180.16
Melting point, °C
148
Boiling point, °C
410
Vapor pressure, mmHg
2E-8 (25 C)
Density
1.512 g/cm3
Solubility in water
Very soluble
pKa/pKb
12.12 (pKa)
Partition coefficient, pKow
-3.02
Heat of fusion
34.30 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization
76.6 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion
-2803 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a cool, dry place. Keep container closed when not in use.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear appropriate safety goggles, protective clothing and gloves.
Respirators
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR ß1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Small spills/leaks
Evacuate area and ventilate. Wear protective equipment. If required, use an inert absrobent. Sweep up and place in an appropriate container for disposal. Wash contaminated surfaces.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Keep away from strong oxidizing agents.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
202
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause irritation.
   Inhalation
May cause irritation.
   Skin
May cause irritation.
   Eyes
May cause irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower lids. Get medical aid.

Transport.